Articles | Volume 30
Sci. Dril., 30, 1–15, 2022
Sci. Dril., 30, 1–15, 2022
Science report
25 Feb 2022
Science report | 25 Feb 2022

60 years of scientific deep drilling in Colombia: the north Andean guide to the Quaternary

Henry Hooghiemstra et al.

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Millennial-scale vegetation changes in the tropical Andes using ecological grouping and ordination methods
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Clim. Past, 12, 697–711,,, 2016
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Climate variability and human impact in South America during the last 2000 years: synthesis and perspectives from pollen records
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Cited articles

Adam, D. P., Sims, J. D., and Throckmorton, C. K.: 130 000-yr continuous pollen record from Clear Lake, Lake County, California, Geology, 9, 373–377,<373:YCPRFC>2.0.CO;2, 1981. 
Adam, D. P., Sarna-Wojcicki, A. M., Rieck, H. J., Bradbury, J. P., Dean, W. E., and Forester, R. M.: Tulelake, California: the last 3 million years, Paleogeogr. Paleoclimatol. Paleoecol., 72, 89–103,, 1989. 
Andriessen, P. A. M., Helmens, K. F., Hooghiemstra, H., Riezebos, P. A., and Van der Hammen, T.: Absolute chronology of the Pliocene-Quaternary sediment sequence of the Bogotá area, Colombia, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 12, 483–501,, 1993. 
Berrío, J. C. and Hooghiemstra, H.: Information on Fúquene Pollen Data, University of Leicester,, last access: 2 February 2022. 
Short summary
This is a brief overview of long continental fossil pollen records globally in relationship with marine records. Specifically, the Northern Andes is a key area in developing and testing hypotheses in the fields of ecology, paleobiogeography, and climate change in tropical regions. We review 60 years of deep drilling experience in this region that have led to landmark records. We also highlight the early development of long continental pollen records from unique, deep, sediment-filled basins.