Articles | Volume 22
Workshop report
31 May 2017
Workshop report |  | 31 May 2017

Scientific Drilling at Lake Tanganyika, Africa: A Transformative Record for Understanding Evolution in Isolation and the Biological History of the African Continent, University of Basel, 6–8 June 2016

Andrew S. Cohen and Walter Salzburger

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Cited articles

Ariztegui, D., Thomas, C., and Vuillemin, A.: Present and future of subsurface biosphere studies in lacustrine sediments through scientific drilling, Int. J. Earth Sci., 104, 1655–1665, 2015.
Cohen, A. S.: Scientific drilling and biological evolution in ancient lakes: lessons learned and recommendations for the future, Hydrobiologia, 682, 3–25, 2012.
Cohen, A. S., Soreghan, M., and Scholz, C.: Estimating the Age of Ancient Lake Basins: An Example from L. Tanganyika, Geology, 21, 511–514, 1993.
Darwin, C.: On The Origin Of Species By Means Of Natural Selection, 1st Edn., John Murray, London, 1859.
Donoghue, M. J.: The importance of fossils in phylogeny reconstruction, Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 20, 431–460, 1989.
Short summary
A workshop was held in Basel, Switzerland, to discuss the scientific opportunities for evolutionary biology, paleobiology and paleoecology of a drilling project at Lake Tanganyika, one of the oldest and most biodiverse lakes on Earth. A record of the numerous endemic organisms collected from the lake coupling body fossils, environmental history and potentially aDNA or ancient protein records would be transformative for understanding evolution in isolation and the biogeographic history of Africa.